Detailed instructions for use are in the User's Guide.
[. . . ] X11-36640
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Writers & Content Experts: Bruce C. Shelley Greg Street Art Producer: Lance Hoke Progr am Manager: Brian Lemon Writer: Jon Seal Historian: James Henretta Editor: Brent Metcalfe Assistant Editors: Jack Turk Laura Hamilton Heidi Wartelle--Volt Design & Art: Jeannie Voirin-Gerde Jeremy Parton --S&T Onsite
Information in this document, including URL and other Internet Web site references, is subject to change without notice. Unless otherwise noted, the example companies, organizations, products, domain names, e-mail addresses, logos, people, places, and events depicted herein are fictitious, and no association with any real company, organization, product, domain name, e-mail address, logo, person, place, or event is intended or should be inferred. Complying with all applicable copyright laws is the responsibility of the user. [. . . ] When the Spanish allied with Portugal and closed the Portuguese ports to the Dutch, the Dutch seized several islands, including Aruba and Curaçao. In 1610, Henry Hudson explored the North American coast and rediscovered the river now named after him and the great harbor of modern-day New York City. After several trading voyages to the area seeking furs, the Dutch planted a small trading outpost up the river near Albany in 1614, and later a more permanent settlement on Manhattan Island. The relatively few colonists were more interested in trade profits than in establishing a lasting and well-defended colony. New Amsterdam fell easily to a British fleet commanded by the Duke of York in 1664. The Dutch regained it briefly in 1673, but ceded it permanently to Britain in 1674. Following in the wake of the Portuguese around Africa in the early 1600s, agents of the Dutch East India Company, together with England, took over much of the East India trade.
Russia in 1500 was isolated and relatively undeveloped socially and technologically. With unlimited land and a shortage of labor to work it, the old feudal system was enforced to hold people in servitude on the large estates of the aristocracy. The Romanov dynasty rose to power in 1613, and after 1682 Peter the Great was determined to expand and modernize his nation. He toured western Europe and strove to import its knowledge and technology. The Russian army eventually became one of the most powerful in Europe, based on huge reserves of serfs who could be conscripted for thirty years of service. Noted for its numerous infantry, guns, and cavalry, the army got its experience in border wars and was eventually pulled into the conflicts with Napoleonic France. It was especially successful in defending its homeland, as the Swedes and Napoleon learned to their cost. Russia had been expanding for some time, but the area south to the Black Sea and beyond was contested by the Ottoman Empire. The Russians engaged the Swedes to the northwest for a share of the Baltic and gathered in the Swedish provinces of Latvia and Estonia (giving up Finland in exchange). At the command of Peter the Great, a Danish seaman named Vitus Bering began a series of voyages into the northern Pacific Ocean from Siberia, beginning in 1725. These voyages eventually explored the Bering Sea, the Bering Strait, southern Alaska, the Aleutian Islands, and northwest North America. Russian trading voyages to Alaska and the Americas began in 1775 and a first Alaskan settlement was established in 1784. Russia also founded outposts down the coast of Alaska, in the Aleutian Islands, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, and California. In some areas they treated the indigenous people cruelly, forcing them to hunt for otter and surrender the pelts to the colonists. The costs of outpost support and transportation were so high, however, that the colonies were barely profitable, and few Russians wanted to travel so far from home. In 1867, Russia sold Alaska to the United States for $7. 2 million dollars.
At the time of Columbus' first voyage, Germany consisted of four hundred separate entities, including cities, principalities, and feudal states. [. . . ] Search the isles off the coast for hidden Treasures.
Your team occupies one mountain range--your opponents the other. The victors will be the ones who control the central valley and the choke points. Forests and Treasures are more heavily concentrated in the center of the map. The Lakota have ventured up into the mountains and may be useful allies.
A river divides the long plain of the Pampas. [. . . ]