User manual NIKON PC NIKKOR 35MM F/2.8

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Manual abstract: user guide NIKON PC NIKKOR 35MM F/2.8

Detailed instructions for use are in the User's Guide.

[. . . ] To use the PC-Nikkor as a normal 35mm lens without using the perspective control feature, rotate the lens barrel so ttiat the shift scale faces up. Then, if necessary, turn the milled shift knob until the distance scale index dot is aligned with the shift scale index dot. 5 SETTING THE APERTURE The PC-Nikkor is provided with a manual diaphragm operable from f/2. 8 to f/32 and a spring-loaded preset ring to aid in setting the diaphragm quickly to the shooting aperture; a total of eight click-stop positions, at full -stop intervals, makes for precise placement of the preset ring. Also, identical sets of f/numbers are engraved on opposite sides of the front rim of the lens to facilitate operation when the lens is used inverted. [. . . ] For deta il s, a lso refer to the specific focusing sc reen's instruction sheet. o = Excellent focusing . , = Acceptable focusing The split-image rangefinder , micro prism or cross- hair area is dim _ Focus on the surrounding matte area. 0= Exposure measurement via stop-down met hod Blank mea ns not usable. 9 SHIFT AND ROTATION MOVEMENT The front part of the PC-Nikkor shifts up to 11 mm from the center in a plane parallel to the film, and the whole lens mount rotates through a full 360 0 . By combining the parallel shift with the rotation movement of the lens, an infinite variety of adjustments can be made. The knob should always be turned so that it is facing away from the direction in which the lens is to be shifted. When the shift scale is facing upward, the lens can be shifted 11 mm to the right of center. In order to shift the lens in other directions, simply rotate the whole lens mount, stopping at one of the 12 click-stop settings provided at 300 intervals, or choosing a desired intermediate position. By combining these two movements, the lens can be sh ifted up to 11 mm from the center in any direction. 10 Maximum Permissible Shift Depending on the direction of shift, however, there is a maximum permissible shift, beyond which distortion and/or vignetting may occur in the picture corners, because the film format is rectangular while image area produced by the lens is circular. The amount of maximum permissible shift (7, 8 or 11) is indicated in millimeters at each click-stop on the lens barrel. The diagrams at right show the limits based on the direction of shift. Note: When you use a Nikon polarizing filter in combination with a lens hood, vignetting will occur even at the maximum permissible amount of shift at each click-stop. Diagram 1 Ii ntttmttt11 ABCOEFGHI Azimuth JKlA Diagram 2 A t +r. -. . . . . . ~__~;--\-r Max, adeQuate snift Picture area when the lens G is not shifted 11 FRAMING As long as the camera is held in a position parallel to the subject when shooting, it reproduces scenes more or less as the eye sees them , with no unpleasant perspective distortion. However, shooting from this position often produces unbalanced composition, since the camera is usually used close to ground level. half of the frame, while part of the main subject, for instance the top of a building, is excluded (Fig. 1). Fig. 1 12 Inevitably, the camera must be tilted in order to include the top of the building and minimize the foreground (Fig. But with the camera tilted, the plane of the film is no longer parallel to the subject, and because the image size varies according to subject distance, the nearer parts of the subject are reproduced on a scale larger than those farther away. The sides of the building appear to converge, as if the building were leaning back or falling. [. . . ] In making a vertical panorama, a 65° vertical angle can be covered using the extreme rise and fall shifts, with the camera still in the horizontal position. The overlapping area is least when two pictures are matched vertically. Caution: Extreme care is necessary when taking shots to avoid camera movement, since even a slight between exposures will result in some distortion graphs will not join ex actly. 4 xJl7 - 8. 4 x lV) (15, 1 X22. 6- 7. 3 Xl0 , 9) (6. 2 x9, 3- 4, 2 x6 , 3) (15. 0 x 22. 5 - 1. 6 x 2. 4) (10. 9 X16, 3-1. 5 x 2. 3) (2, 0 x3. 0- 0. 47 xO. 70) (1 . 8 x V-0 , 42 xO. 63) (1. 8x 2. 7 - 0. 55 XO. 83) (1 , 8 X2. 7-0, 34 XO. 52) (49. 6 x 74. 4-13. 1 x 19. 6) (1. 7 x 2. 5 -1. 5 x 2. 2) Focused distance 60. 1- 11 . 2 18, 0-9, 6 13. 8 - 9 , 0 6, 3- 7. 4 13. 2 -7. 1 10, 6-7. 2 6. 9- 11 , 6 7, 0-12. 5 7, 0- 10. 6 7. 0-21. 4 33. 6- 11. 8 7. 1- 7. 3 (153 -26. 5) (45. 7- 24, 3) (34, 9-22. 9) (21, 1- 18. 7) (33. 5-16. 1) (27. 5 -16. 2) (17. 6- 29. 5) (17. B- 31. 7) (17. 8-26. 9) (17, 8 - 54. 4) (85. 3 - 30. 0) (18. 0- 16. 4) Close-up Lens No. O Close-u p lens No. 1 Close-up l ens No. 2 1/39 - 1/4. 6 1/ 19-1/4. 3 1/ 9. 4-1/ 3, 5 1/6. 3-113. 0 31. 2 - 10, 6 (79. 3-26, 8) Close-up l ens No , 1 +No, 2 £2 Ri ng K Ri ng Set PK Ring 6e ll ows Attachm ent PB- 4. [. . . ]

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