Detailed instructions for use are in the User's Guide.
[. . . ] Nikon
FOREWORO . . . 8 Programmed TTL Auto Flash Shooting (with Nikon F-501 I N2020, F-401 I N4004 or F-301 / N2000) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-12 AUTO FOCUS FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY (with Nikon F-501 / N2020 or F-401 / N4004) . . . 17-21 A1 or A2 Mode (for Non-TTL Automatic Flash Exposure Control) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [. . . ] Set your chosen aperture.
With Nikon F-401 / N4004 , use camera 's aperture dial .
MD Mode (for Manual Flash Exposure Control with Motor Drive Operation)
At the motor drive (MO) setting, the S8-22 is able to recycle fast enough to synchronize with a motor-driven camera firing continuously up to 6 frames per second. It is possible to take up to four full flash pictures in rapid succession in this way. To determine aperture with the S8-22's aperture selection/shooting distance range panel in this mode, read the following .
1. Set the 58·22'5 flash
mode selector to MD.
Align film speed in use • with the film speed index.
Note: Lines between the numbers on the film speed scale represent intermediate settings. (See illustration)
80~: 50 125, , = 100 160-= 200 250 . /: 400
Determine the shooting distance and follow the appropriate vertical line upward from the distance scale until it meets one of the aperture/distance index windows for MD mode on the distance range indicators. Then follow the distance range indicator hori· zontally and you can find the appropriate aperture. For example, with film speed index set at ISO 100, and if you want to shoot a subject 3m away, use f/2 . 8. You can also determine aperture using the S8·22's guide number (GN). For details, see page 32.
The shooting distance scale changes when the wide-flash adapter is used. See page 36.
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Next, turn on flash unit and take shot in the same manner shown in " BASIC OPERATION , " steps 10 to 14.
4. Set your chosen aperture.
With Nikon F·401/N4004, use camera's aper· ture dial.
The maximum number of flashes for continuous shooting are li sted below.
AA-type alkaline-manganese batteries inside 88-22 AA-type alkaline-manganese batteries inside 88-22 plus C-type alka line-manganese batteries inside optional DC Unit 8D-7"
In M or MD mode, without referring to the aperture selection/shooting distance range panel, you can determ ine the f/stop by using the following equation: f/stop= guide number b" flash-to- su lect distance
Maximum Frames number of per flashes' second
4 10 40'" 61ps 61ps 4. 2 1ps
See the table for guide numbers at va rious film speeds.
• Don't begin the continuous sequence until the ready-light has been lit for approx. ••• More flashes possible, but never fire the flash more than 40 times. Before firing the flash again, let it rest for at least 10 minutes.
Guide number at various film speeds
Unit · m(lt)
Normal Mode selector
1600 800 400 200 100 50 25
With wide -flash adapter MD M (manual)
70 (230) 50 (164) 35 (115) 25 (82) 18 (59) 125(41) 9 (30)
100 (328) 70 (230) 50 (164) 36 (1 18) 25 (82) 18 (59) 125 (41)
22(72) 16 (52) 11 (36) 8 (26) 5. 6( 18) 4 (13) 2. 8 (9)
Note: In M or TTL automatic modes, or A l1A2 modes (nonTTL automatic modes), do not fire the flash more than 10 frames without allowing the flash to rest at least 10 minutes. Even for fewer flashes, be sure to allow the SB-22 a few minutes to rest. Using the flash continuousty without cooling causes malfunction.
32 (105) 22 (72) 16 (52) 11 (36) 8 (26) 5. 6 (18) 4 (13)
SETTING POWER S W I T C H - - - - - - - - - - - m 06 ft 2
1 1. 5 3 4 5 3 7 10
With other cameras:
Though the ON position is normally recommended for turning on the flash unit, ST8Y can also be used. With other Nikon cameras , even if the camera 's exposure meter stays on , the S8-22 automatically turns off when not used for one or two minutes. To turn on again , set power switch to ON or OFF position , then reset to ST8Y. For convenience , you may also push the open-flash button to turn on the S8-22.
UNCE OFF. . . . ST, BY
, . oN
GN(lSO lOa) 25(m)/82(ft)
STBY (STANDBY) Position
Use to conserve energy and shorten recycling time.
With cameras other than the Nikon F·501/N2020, F·401lN4004, F·301/N2000, FA, FE2 and FG :
This position is normally used to turn on the S8-22.
With Nikon F·501/N2020, F·401/N4004, F·301l N2000, FA, FE2 and FG:
Use the S8-22's ST8Y position to turn on the S8 -22. In ST8Y position, when the camera 's meter turns off, in one or two minutes the S8-22 turns off automatically. To turn the S8 -22 on again, lightly press the camera 's shutter release button.
Note: Wh en the Nikon FA or FE2 is connected to Nikon Motor Drive MD -1 via a remote cord, the camera 's meter 2 stays on and the 58-22 remains on at STBY position.
With the Nikon FA, FE2, and FG:
To turn on the S8-22 when using mechanical shutter settings (M250, M90 or 8), set power switch to ON.
When not using the flash unit, a/ways set the power switch to OFF position.
READY-LIGHT INDICATIONS, - - - - - - - - -- FA
F-501/N2020 . [. . . ] • Using a sync cord or TTL Remote Cord SC-17, remove the flash unit from the camera and hold it as far away from the camera as possible. - Increase the overall room illumination to reduce opening of the subject 's pupil s.
Manual Multiple Flash Photography
Connect the S8 -22 and other flash units with the optional Nikon Sync Cord SC-11 or SC-15 via the S8-22 's multiple flash term inal. For correct exposure in manual multiple flash operation, be sure all flash units are set at manual flash mode.
Caution T avoid damaging the flash units or incorrect operation, o never mix Nikon Speedlight with flash units of other manufa cturers.
CLOSE-UP FLASH PHOTOGRAPHY IN TTL MODE-----When used with the Nikon F-S01/N2020, F-401/N4004, F-301/N2000, FA, FE2 or FG cameras, the optional TTL Remote Cord SC -17 lets you perform flash shooting with a subject closer than 0. 6m. (See SC-17 instruction manuaL) 2_ Position the S8-22 and tilt the flash head down so light from the flash head covers the subject. [. . . ]